Preconception Health

Preparing your body for pregnancy sets the stage for a healthy pregnancy journey ahead. Taking essential steps to optimize your preconception health is the key.

Staying healthy before and during pregnancy can improve the chances of falling pregnant, decrease complications in pregnancy and maximizing the chances of having a healthy baby.

Where to start

The best place to start is to see your general practitioner (GP) or fertility specialist 3 months before you are ready for pregnancy. Things to discuss include:

  • Medical history (conditions such as diabetes, blood pressure and heart diseases, etc. and medications)
  • Family history of genetic conditions
  • Reproductive history
  • Vaccination status
  • Diet, lifestyle and other habits

Key Components of Preconception Health

Conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, and thyroid disorders should be well-controlled, as they can affect pregnancy outcomes.
This is a universal supplement of vitamin B group. Taking folic acid reduces the chances of neural tube defects such as spina bifida. You should start taking at least 400mcg /day of folic acid at least three month before pregnancy. In certain high risk women, the recommendation is to take 5mg / day. Folic acid comes in a tablet by itself, or in combination with pregnancy multivitamins, or with other supplements such as iodine or iron. You can get folic acid from the pharmacy over the counter without a script.
Many women are deficient in Vitamin D without knowing about it. Vitamin D is important for bone health. It is also thought to play a role in the quality of eggs in the ovary as well as many other important functions in the body. If you are at risk of low Vitamin D, such as low sun exposure or darker skin types, you should have it tested with your doctor to see if you need supplementation. Vitamin D can be purchased from the pharmacy over the counter without a script.

Consider a pregnancy multivitamin especially if you don’t have a balanced diet. These can purchased from the pharmacy over the counter without a script.

These include sexually transmitted diseases, Rubella (German Measles), Varicella (Chicken Pox), Blood group and Antibodies, and Full Blood Count to screen for anaemia.

  • Rubella (German Measles)
  • Varicella (Chicken Pox)
  • Flu vaccine
  • Pertussis (Whooping Cough)
Tests for genetic conditions you or your reproductive partner may carry which can impact your babies health. Read More Here

CSTs are recommended five yearly and breast checks done yearly. Please discuss this with your General Practitioner (GP).

Being overweight or obese increases the risk of difficulty falling pregnant, miscarriage and medical complications in pregnancy such as elevated blood pressure, diabetes and heart disease. Being underweight decreases the chances of becoming pregnant and having a low birth baby and problems during labour.

This helps you to maintain an ideal weight as well as other health benefits physically and emotionally.

Try to maintain your mental and emotional health by avoiding stress and practicing relaxation techniques, and have adequate good quality sleep.
Avoid smoking, use of habit-forming drugs, and excessive caffeine or alcohol. Certain medications, exposure to gases, chemicals, heavy metals, and radiation (X-ray) should also be avoided. If you’re concerned, you should discuss this with your doctor before trying for pregnancy.

Preconception Care Consultation

Preconception care involves consulting your GP to review your own health status and risk factors that could affect a future pregnancy. This care includes a comprehensive health assessment, updating vaccinations, and developing a personalised care plan to address any identified issues.

Importance for Both Partners

Men also have an equal importance in preconception care, as they make up half of the genetic material required to develop the baby. Men also require preconception care to improve sperm health that increases the chance of conception and a healthy baby. Having a healthy diet, supported with supplements, regular exercise and maintaining healthy weight are recommended for men as a part of pre-pregnancy care.


Taking proactive steps to optimize you and your reproductive partner’s health before pregnancy lays a solid foundation for a successful pregnancy, a healthy baby, and giving your future children the best start in life.


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Contact us today to schedule a consultation and take the first step towards realising your parenthood goals.